Dry Eye Syndrome

What is Dry Eye Syndrome?

A tear gland inside each eyelid spreads tears over the surface of the eyes when you blink. Dry eyes occurs when the tear gland has problems. This condition can occur in anyone but it is more common in aged people. It does not damage sight permanently.

How it happens

The following factors lead to this condition.

  • Certain medications dry out the eyes.
  • Certain illnesses like arthritis may cause dry eyes. People with thyroid problems may be unable to close their eyes fully, even when sleeping.
  • Exposure to windy atmosphere, air conditioning, heating conditions.
  • Eye injuries damaging the eyelids.
  • Contact lenses.
  • Inflammation of the eyelids.


  • Dry and irritating eyes.
  • The eyes may look red, a gritty or burning sensation.
  • A slight blurring of the vision or light sensitivity may occur.
  • Eyelids stick together when waking up.
  • Uncomfortable to wear contact lenses.


Dry eye syndrome can be treated with eye drops gels or eye ointment, available at pharmacies. This should cure dry eye syndrome within about a week. However it is prescribed to check with your optician before using these medications.

If symptoms persist, consult a doctor or eye care professional for prescription medication, and to check there is not a more serious condition.

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